Bounce–or bounce angle–measures the angle of the back edge of the sole to the leading edge of the face. Sure it’s confusing–that’s why we’ve included a diagram.
Bounce or bounce angle measures the angle of the back edge of the sole to the leading edge of the face. If you put a clubhead on a countertop (upright) and look at the sole straight on you’ll notice that the back of the sole is off the countertop, just like the leading edge of the face. The relation of these two edges is called bounce angle.
The illustration below shows how a wider sole with less bounce angle has the same “effective bounce” as a narrower sole with a greater bounce angle.
and wedges (wedges with 54 to 57 degrees loft) typically have 10 to 14 degrees of bounce so that they can easily sweep through the sand, tall grass or soft ground. Gap wedges (wedges in the range of 51 to 53 degrees of loft) have 0 to 10 degrees of bounce, and Lob wedges (wedges with 58 to 64 degrees of loft) have 4 to 14 degrees of bounce. Some players use a 60 degree wedge with a lot of bounce in the sand while others will use a 60 degree wedge with relatively little bounce in the fairway.
Golfers who strike down at a sharp angle when hitting the ball with a wedge can put a lot of back spin on the ball. These players might benefit using wedges with very little bounce (less than 8 degrees), but they are a minority of golfers. Most golfers are better off with more bounce (10 to 14 degrees), not less.